Ethereum vs. Bitcoin: A Comparative Analysis for Indian Crypto Enthusiasts

Bitcoin and Ethereum are perhaps the two most famous cryptos, playing a major role in growing the industry. Bitcoin, the original crypto, is sometimes compared to digital gold due to its store-of-value properties, while Ethereum is envisioned as a decentralized worldwide network for running self-executing contracts and decentralized applications. Both cryptos have introduced groundbreaking technologies and inspired countless others in the crypto space.

Bitcoin can be considered similar to digital gold because of its scarcity and durability, just like a precious metal. However, it also offers easy storage and divisibility as added benefits. On the other hand, Ethereum’s network acts like a decentralized global computer due to its ability to run decentralized applications (DApps) without centralized control. This removes those in charge of applications.

Both Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH) have similarities as digital assets and together make up a sizable section of the crypto market. They utilize comparable blockchain technology and appeal to a matching group of investors. These cryptos can easily be obtained on many trading platforms, with numerous investors obtaining them due to their expected future worth instead of their immediate practical use. This piece will explore the contrast between Ethereum and Bitcoin, investigating elements like transaction spe­eds, technology, fees, and security.


Bitcoin, first introduced in 2009, was developed anonymously by someone using the name Satoshi Nakamoto. It emerged as the original crypto and remains the most famous and utilized digital asset currently. The aim of designing Bitcoin was to cultivate an alternative to traditional assets through a decentralized system for transferring value. The original vision was to provide people with a digital option that did not require banks or third parties to complete transactions.

You can Buy Bitcoin through ZebPay and join the millions already trading on the platform


Ethereum launched in 2015 as a result of programmer Vitalik Buterin’s work to spread the basic vision of crypto to decentralize broader parts of the economy. With Ethereum, developers can create programs that immediately communicate with the platform, allowing the supply of services beyond Bitcoin’s capabilities. For example, Ethereum enables various lending and trading systems, alongside gaming and other programs.

Ether, the native crypto of the Ethereum network, functions as a method of payment for services or transaction fees within the system. Although its incorporation into mainstream finance currently trails Bitcoin, Ether has grown by leaps and bounds.

Ethereum vs. Bitcoin


Bitcoin and Ether employ distinctive forms of blockchain technology. Bitcoin makes use of a consensus mechanism referred to as Proof-of-Work (PoW), where miners resolve intricate numerical puzzles to validate transactions. This requires notable computational capability and electricity utilization.

Ethereum first used PoW but later moved to a process called Proof-of-Stake (PoS) through its Ethereum 2.0 improvements. In PoS, individuals are chosen to produce a new block dependent on the amount of crypto they have and are willing to put up as a guarantee. Validators who put more on the line have a greater chance of being chosen to validate a block and earn a reward. This risk-reward approach aims to discourage bad behaviors. This approach is also more energy-efficient compared to PoW. 

Transaction fee

With Ethereum and Bitcoin, you’ll also run into transaction costs when making exchanges. Anytime you participate in an exchange utilizing either digital asset, you’ll face a charge intended to back the system’s framework.

Historically, Ethereum fees have often surpassed those of Bitcoin. However, it’s advisable to assess network fees before finalizing any trade or transaction for either crypto to determine if they are elevated compared to the norm. 

Transaction speed 

When it comes to incorporating fresh blocks into the blockchain, Bitcoin typically requires about 10 minutes. In comparison, Ethereum can add blocks to its chain considerably quicker, at roughly 15 seconds. 


While Bitcoin and Ethereum prioritize safety through coding and blockchain, they utilize different techniques to guarantee protection. Both make use of encryption and digital ledgers, yet their specific techniques contrast. Bitcoin relies primarily on its complex hashing algorithm and distributed network. All exchanges are recorded anonymously across countless servers worldwide, making fraudulent activity nearly impossible.

Bitcoin requires a lot of computing power and energy to operate its security system in a way that prevents attacks. The proof-of-work system makes it very hard for someone to try to take control of over half the network. This is because it would need huge resources to overcome most of the existing computers that process Bitcoin transactions. No single person or group has enough power to easily do something harmful to the whole network, like reversing transactions. 

The large number of computers securing Bitcoin worldwide helps keep the system safe overall.

However, Ethereum’s Proof-of-Stake (PoS) system also aims to deter bad actors, though the hurdle is financial. Participants must deposit their own ETH on the blockchain, which can be costly and risky. Furthermore, processes exist to ignore a troublesome actor’s blockchain version and penalize their deposit. Consequently, bad actors risk losing some or all of the ETH they’ve staked without achieving their objective of seizing control of the system.

Other numbers

Currently, Bitcoin has over 19.4 million bitcoins circulating in the market, while Ethereum has exceeded 120 million ether. Despite the larger number of ethers in circulation compared to bitcoin, bitcoin’s market value stands at around $1250 billion, whereas Ethereum’s is approximately $420 billion. Even though ether is available in greater numbers, its overall market worth has not reached parity with Bitcoin. The number of daily Bitcoin transactions is roughly 350,000, but Ethereum sees about 1.3 million transactions daily. 

Which is better: Ethereum or Bitcoin?

Whether Bitcoin or Ethereum is superior depends entirely on one’s unique situation and goals. Bitcoin performs well for direct transactions between people, while Ethereum functions best for building and implementing decentralized programs and Smart agreements. Ultimately, in the debate over Bitcoin versus Ethereum, the choice to prefer one over the other relies completely on the individual user.

You can Buy Ethereum through ZebPay and join the millions already trading on the platform

Disclaimer: Crypto products and NFTs are unregulated and can be highly risky. There may be no regulatory recourse for any loss from such transactions. Each investor must do his/her research or seek independent advice if necessary before initiating any transactions in crypto products and NFTs. The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in the article belong solely to the author, and not to ZebPay the author’s employer, or other groups or individuals. ZebPay disclaims all liability for any actions or inactions on the part of the investors, including losses. For the aforementioned article, ZebPay has not been paid in kind or cash, and it is offered “as is,” with no warranty regarding its timeliness, accuracy, completeness, or the outcomes of using it.


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